Ask A Vet: Why does my dog vomit?

Ask A Vet: Why does my dog vomit?

If you’re a dog parent, then the view of your dog vomiting is a cause for urgent concern. A vomiting pup may show nausea and abdominal heaving.

Dog vomiting can happen for several reasons. It could be that your big boy ate too fast or ate more than it could handle, or it could have eaten grass. The causes can also be severe. Your canine could have swallowed something poisonous, or it could be a sign of an illness, which would require a visit to your vet.

It is necessary to know the difference between vomiting and regurgitating. 

Regurgitating vs. Vomiting:

Before we get to the reasons for vomiting, we need to differentiate between regurgitation and vomiting. When pooches usually vomit, they are forcefully emptying the contents of their tummy and small intestine, often bringing fluid, debris, and food onto your floor.

Before this unpleasant display, they generally display signs of nausea, like retching, excessive drooling, and abdominal heaving —much like humans do.

Regurgitation, however, is different. Instead of coughing up the stomach contents forcefully, regurgitation is a resistless motion that discharges undigested fluids and food. The signs of regurgitation are coughing and breathing difficulty.

One way to tell if your pup has vomited or regurgitated is to look at what your poor boy has thrown up, even if it does sound disgusting. Regurgitated material is mostly undigested and without bile. But vomit has some bile and is partially digested. Your dog will sometimes try to eat regurgitated food.

Is dog vomiting normal?

Most dog parents know that vomiting is common. Occasionally, even healthy dogs will puke for no apparent reason and then continue their day as if nothing happened. Your pup could have swallowed something disagreeable, eaten too quickly, or merely chewed on too much grass. This kind of vomiting is usually nothing serious to worry about.

Why is my dog throwing up?

You must know the root cause of your canine’s vomiting to find the best solution. Listed below are some probable causes of a sudden episode of vomiting:

  • Bacterial infections (gastrointestinal tract)
  • Intestinal parasites
  • Diet change
  • Ingestion of toxic substances
  • Bloat
  • Food intolerances
  • Viral infections
  • Foreign substances in the stomach (garbage, toys, etc.)
  • Acute kidney failure
  • Pancreatitis
  • Heatstroke
  • Acute liver failure
  • Intestinal inflammation
  • Certain medications
  • Constipation
  • Intestinal obstruction
  • Cancer
  • Pancreatitis
  • Liver failure
  • Kidney failure
  • Uterine infection
  • Colitis

Frequent throwing up:

If your dog is throwing up frequently, it can be a sign of a severe medical condition. Keep your eye out for any of the symptoms such as:

  • Weakness
  • Vomit with blood in it
  • Abdominal pain
  • Weight loss
  • Dehydration
  • Depression
  • Fever

Safety measures:

If your pup is throwing up food or fluids and has any of the above symptoms, take them to the vet immediately.

If your dog is not hungry and is only vomiting, you should check in with your dog’s vet to rule out any severe conditions.

Vomiting is a sign of many critical illnesses, complications, and diseases, and as dog parents, we must take it seriously. Ignoring your pup’s vomiting could have critical, even fatal consequences.

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